Pumpkin is a thermophilic culture. If in the southern regions its cultivation does not cause any problems, then in the Urals it is necessary to more carefully approach the choice of a site and create the most favorable conditions for plants, which is due to the short and cool summer. Only in this case can you count on getting good quality fruits.
The best varieties for the Urals
A crop such as pumpkin grows in almost all corners of the world, but in order to obtain a decent harvest, it is necessary to follow the cultivation technology. Cultivation of pumpkins in the Urals is possible with the creation of optimal conditions and adherence to agricultural technology. An important factor in obtaining the harvest is the correct choice of the variety, since frost in mid-June is not uncommon for this region. This suggests the need to choose early and early ripening varieties that are able to ripen during storage. Let's consider the most popular ones.
Pearl. The variety is medium early with a ripening period of 100 days. Plants are able to withstand severe weather changes, small frosts. This pumpkin has a good yield (15 kg per m²). The fruits are fleshy, pear-shaped, with a small number of seeds and weighing up to 7 kg. The variety is characterized by long shelf life and sweet pulp taste with nutmeg aroma.
Pumpkin Pearl is able to withstand severe weather changes, small frosts
Shrub orange. An early variety pumpkin with a ripening period of 90–120 days. Plants are compact, not braiding. The fruit is characterized by a round shape, orange peel and weight 4–7 kg. The pulp has a high carotene content, sweetness and tenderness.
Shrub gold. An early ripe variety with large fruits that reach a mass of 5 kg and ripen in 90-100 days. Productivity from 1 m² is about 15 kg. A plant with rounded flattened fruits, on the surface of which division into segments is noticeable. The variety got its name because of its rind, which appears golden in the sun. The flesh of the pumpkin is crispy, yellow, but cannot boast of sweetness.
Pumpkin variety Shrub gold has a yield of 15 kg per 1 m²
Countryside. Refers to cold-resistant and most early ripening varieties (75–85 days). Fruit weight is 3-4 kg. The skin of the pumpkin is firm, green in color with yellow stripes. The pulp is yellow, aromatic and sweet. Stored up to 4 months.
Therapeutic. An early variety with a ripening period of 90–95 days. It is characterized by resistance to cold and high humidity. Fruits are round, flattened, with a ribbed surface and weighing up to 5 kg. The peel is gray-green, the flesh is bright orange in color, sweet, with a high carotene content.
Sweetie. An early long-leaved and cold-resistant variety, ripening in 90 days. The fruits are round in shape with a bright orange color. The average weight is 2 kg. The peel is divided into slices with green stripes. The pulp will be juicy and sweet.
Pumpkin Sweetie is a long-leaved variety, resistant to cold weather, ripens in 90 days
Smile. An early bush pumpkin, ripens in 85–90 days. Fruits are small in size, weighing 0.8-1 kg (according to seed producers), resemble balls, have a bright orange color. The flesh is crispy, sweet, tastes like a melon. The pumpkin can be eaten fresh. It is distinguished by good keeping quality, does not require special storage conditions.
In order to grow not just a pumpkin, but tasty and juicy fruits on your land plot, you need to observe the conditions for the cultivation of this culture. First of all, you should adhere to the rules of crop rotation and plant plants of the pumpkin family (zucchini, cucumber, squash, pumpkin, watermelon) in their original place no earlier than in 4–5 years. Cruciferous and leguminous crops are good predecessors. It is not worth planting melons nearby, so that in the event of diseases, you will not be left without a harvest of all crops at all.
All pumpkin plants are demanding on lighting, with a lack of which the amount of ovary decreases, the likelihood of diseases and pest attacks increases. Therefore, for a pumpkin in the Urals, you should choose the warmest, well-lit and protected from the wind place, for example, behind a house or outbuildings. The area should be flat and away from upright crops.
Pumpkin can be grown in two ways - through seedlings and direct sowing into the ground. However, it is the first option that is recommended for the Urals, since it is more efficient and reliable. Nevertheless, it is worth considering both methods in more detail.
When to plant
Pumpkin seeds in the Urals are sown from late April to mid-May. If you plan to plant in a greenhouse, then the sowing time is shifted back by 10-14 days.
Before you start sowing seeds, you need to prepare them. For this, damaged, deformed seeds are selected, and only large and thick ones are left. If you are not sure of the quality of the seed, first you should check its suitability for cultivation by placing it in a container with water for 3-4 hours. Those seeds that sink to the bottom can be used for planting, and those that remain on the surface are best discarded.
The process of preparing seeds for each gardener can be different. So, the soaking procedure is widespread. To do this, the seeds are placed in warm water (1-2 hours) or potassium permanganate (15-20 minutes). If a manganese solution is used, the seed should be washed after the procedure, and then wrapped in a damp cloth and left to germinate at room temperature.
Pumpkin seeds are soaked in warm water, manganese, and then germinated at room temperature
Pumpkin seeds usually germinate within 2–3 days.
If you listen to the opinion of experienced gardeners, then in addition to soaking, the seeds should be hardened. For this, the sprouted seeds are placed on the lower shelf of the refrigerator along with a wet cloth for 3-4 days. In the event that it is planned to plant old seeds that have been stored for more than 6-8 years, they are pre-heated. Then it is tied with a gauze cloth and placed in water at a temperature of 40-50˚C, after which it is immersed in cold water. It is necessary to carry out several such procedures (4–5), keeping the grains in water for 5 s. At the end of the process, the seed is dried and planted. If you use dry seeds, then sowing should be done a week earlier.
Preparation of containers and soil
When choosing containers for pumpkin seedlings, you need to take into account that the plants do not tolerate picking. An excellent option for planting will be peat or disposable plastic cups with a volume of 0.2–0.5 liters. In addition, any small-volume containers are quite suitable, for example, the same cut-off plastic bottles, from which it will be possible to easily extract plants during transplantation.
Any suitable container can be used as containers for pumpkin seedlings.
As for the soil, the pumpkin prefers a nutritious soil that can be prepared by yourself or purchased ready for vegetable seedlings. For self-mixing, you will need the following components:
- 2 parts of peat;
- 1 part rotted sawdust;
- 1 part humus.
After all the preparatory measures, you can start sowing. It is carried out in the following sequence:
- We fill the planting containers with soil a little more than half. This is necessary so that as the plants grow, you can add soil.
Fill the prepared containers with soil mixture
- Sprinkle abundantly with water.
After filling with earth, spill the containers with water
- We plant seeds to a depth of 2-4 cm.
We deepen pumpkin seeds by 2-4 cm
- We cover the container with glass or plastic wrap.
Cover the planting with glass or foil to create optimal conditions for germination.
- We transfer the planting to a warm and dark place, ensure the temperature in the daytime is + 20-25˚С, at night - + 15-20˚С.
The appearance of the first shoots on the surface of the earth should be expected 3 days after planting.
Video: planting pumpkin seedlings
As soon as shoots appear, the shelter should be removed from the container. Up to this point, you need to ventilate 1-2 times a day, opening the plantings for 10-15 minutes. On the 5-7th day after the emergence of sprouts, the containers must be transferred to a place where the temperature will be lower by 5˚FROM.
Moving the seedlings to cooler conditions will prevent the seedlings from pulling out. If the plants are still stretched out, you should add a little earth.
For normal growth and development of pumpkin seedlings, good lighting is required, for which it is installed on a sunny windowsill. Long daylight hours also prevent the seedlings from pulling out. In addition to light, pumpkin needs moisture, which is maintained by regular and moderate watering.
In order for pumpkin seedlings to grow and develop normally, they need to provide good lighting.
2 weeks after the emergence of seedlings, you can feed the seedlings. For these purposes, a solution of nitrophoska (0.5 tablespoons per 5 liters of water) or mullein (dilute 100 g in 1 liter of water, insist 3-4 hours, dilute in 5 liters of water) is suitable.
Transplanting seedlings into the ground
The grown seedlings are planted on the site under the film in late May and early June. More specific dates depend on weather conditions. The seedlings are about 30 days old at the time of transplanting. At this time, it should have 2-3 true and well-developed leaves, and the height should be 15–20 cm. The best time for transplanting is evening or cloudy weather. Seedlings are planted according to the 100 * 100 cm scheme. For this procedure, stable warm weather with an average temperature of + 15˚С should be established. The transplant is reduced to the following actions:
- We make a large hole, pour humus and ash on the bottom, and then spill it with warm water.
To provide the plants with the necessary nutrition, humus is introduced into the wells during planting.
- From the planting container, carefully remove the seedling along with the earthen clod, trying not to damage the root.
We remove the pumpkin seedlings from the containers carefully, avoiding damage to the roots
- We place a plant in the hole and cover it with earth from the garden.
We place the sprouts in the planting holes and cover them with soil from the garden
- After planting, we mulch with humus and cover with a film.
A layer of mulch will keep moisture in the soil and prevent weeds from growing. Plus, humus will provide plants with additional nutrition.
Video: planting pumpkin seedlings in the ground
In the harsh conditions of Siberia and the Urals, pumpkin cultivation has its own nuances, since there are not so many warm summer days in these regions. One of the cultivation options is to plant the pumpkin indoors. But, as a rule, there is not enough space in the greenhouse, and the pumpkin is a plant of considerable size and occupies a large area. Therefore, you have to resort to some tricks. In polycarbonate greenhouses, the implementation of such a trick is quite problematic, but in conventional film structures, this is not difficult to do.
When growing pumpkin in a greenhouse, the root system remains inside, and the stem with fruits develops outside.
Pumpkin is often planted next to cucumbers, giving it a place in the corner. Pits for planting are made in the same way as in the open ground, not forgetting to apply fertilizers, then plants are planted or seeds are sown. When the stem length reaches about 0.5 m, stable warm weather is already established in the open air. In the greenhouse, the edge of the film is folded back and the shoot is released into the street. Thus, the roots of the culture are in a closed ground, and the fruits are located in an open space. To grow pumpkin seedlings in protected conditions, it is necessary to provide the following conditions:
- temperature regime during the day within + 18–25˚С, at night + 15–18˚С;
- high humidity;
- good lighting;
- to prevent the development of fungal diseases, regular ventilation is necessary.
Planting seeds in the ground
You can plant a pumpkin in the Urals and seeds immediately, but, as they say, at your own peril and risk. How and what to do, we will consider in more detail.
If you plan to plant climbing pumpkin varieties, then it should be borne in mind that such plants have a root system of about 8 m². This indicates the need to prepare the entire garden bed, which is designed for this crop. The process of preparing the site involves the introduction of 2 buckets of manure and humus per 1 m² for digging in the autumn period. In addition, it will be useful to make mineral fertilizers: 40-60 g of superphosphate and potassium sulfate, as well as 1 tbsp. wood ash per 1 m².
In the case of growing bush varieties, it is necessary to prepare separate planting pits, which are filled with the following fertilizers in autumn:
- 2/3 buckets of humus;
- 2 tbsp. superphosphate;
- 1 tbsp. potash fertilizers;
- 4-5 Art. ash.
When preparing a site for a pumpkin, both organic and mineral fertilizers are applied
To keep the soil loose, you need to re-dig in the spring.
When to plant
For the timely germination of seeds, it is necessary to observe the sowing time. A pumpkin is planted in open ground after sufficient warming of the soil (+ 12˚С), as well as when the weather becomes stably warm. In the Urals, suitable conditions begin in late May and early June.
Seeds for planting in open ground are prepared in the same way as for growing seedlings. The rest of the procedure boils down to the following steps:
- In the prepared area, we make holes according to the scheme according to the pumpkin variety, after which we spill them with warm water.
Before planting the seeds, the holes are well spilled with warm water.
- We deepen the seeds by 4–5 cm. Place 3-5 seeds in each planting hole.
Sprouted pumpkin seeds are placed in the planting holes
- We cover them with earth and slightly mulch with humus.
- We cover with glass, film or other covering material.
After planting the seeds, the beds are covered with foil
The layer of mulch should not exceed 2 cm, otherwise young sprouts simply cannot break through a large thickness.
Video: planting pumpkin seeds in open ground
Since one plant requires a feeding area of 1–4 m², the planting scheme must be followed, depending on the variety planted. Early-ripening pumpkins require less space, late-ripening more. Long-leafed varieties are planted at a distance between holes of 1.5-2 m, between rows - 1.4-2 m. When cultivating bush varieties, the planting is somewhat different: 80 * 80 cm or 1.2 * 1.2 m. The seeding depth depends on the type of soil. On light soils, sowing material is sown to a depth of 4–8 cm, on heavy soils - 4–5 cm.
The pumpkin planting scheme differs depending on the variety.
Caring for the crop in question does not cause any particular difficulties and boils down to observing such basic agrotechnical techniques as watering, feeding, and forming bushes.
Although the pumpkin loves fertilizers, it should not be fed more often than once every 2 weeks. In the open field, the culture is fed twice:
- when 5 leaves are formed, 10 g of dry nitrophoska under one bush;
- when lashes appear, 15 g of nitrophoska is diluted in 10 liters and poured under one plant.
In addition to mineral fertilizers, organic fertilizers can also be used. For these purposes, wood ash is suitable (1 tbsp. Per plant), as well as mullein (1 liter of substance per 10 liters of water). Mullein is introduced at the beginning of the growing season at the rate of 10 liters per 6 bushes and during fruiting - 10 liters per 3 bushes. All nutrients are introduced into the previously dug moat in the form of a ring around the plant.Its depth should increase as the fruit grows - from 8 cm to 15 cm.The deepening should be 15 cm away from young plants, later it is increased to 40 cm.
Video: feeding pumpkin with organic
Watering the pumpkin is accompanied by loosening the soil and removing weeds, while the procedure should be carried out carefully so as not to damage the root system. Only warm water is used for irrigation: tap water or from a well is not suitable because of the low temperature, which is detrimental to the roots. Watering should be given special attention during the flowering period: moisture contributes to the formation of female flowers. Liquid consumption at this time is about 30 liters per bush. When the fruits begin to ripen, the volume of water is reduced, since excess moisture negatively affects the shelf life, and also reduces the sugar content of the fruits.
Only warm water should be used to water the pumpkin.
Lash formation and pollination
So that the plant does not waste energy on extra shoots and ovaries, it is necessary to perform the formation of lashes, which will promote the growth of large fruits with better taste. The number of ovaries that are left on the bush depends on the region and climatic conditions. In the Urals, as a rule, no more than 2-3 of the largest ovaries are left, and the rest are cut off. The bushes of the culture in question are formed into one or two stems. When formed into one stem, all lateral shoots and ovaries must be removed. No more than three ovaries are left on the stem. After the latter, you need to leave 3-4 leaves and remove the growth point. When the pumpkin is formed into two stems (central and lateral), 2 fruits are left on the main one, and one on the side. After the ovary, you need to leave 3-4 leaves, and pinch the shoots behind them.
The pumpkin can be formed into one or two stems, leaving 2-3 fruits per bush
Video: pumpkin formation
Sometimes, due to unfavorable conditions, pumpkins have to be pollinated artificially. The procedure is carried out in the morning, for which a man's flower with torn petals must be pressed against the stigma of a woman's flower.
Male and female flowers are easy to distinguish: female on the right, male on the left
It is quite simple to distinguish the sex of a flower: women initially have small ovaries, and men grow on a thin long stem.
Video: how to artificially pollinate a pumpkin
Diseases and pests of pumpkin
In order for the plants to grow and develop normally, you need to monitor their condition and, in the event of diseases or pests, take appropriate measures. This speaks of the need to be able to correctly identify them.
Bacteriosis is the most common disease, which manifests itself in the form of small wounds on the cotyledons and brown spots on the plastic sheets. When infected with bacteriosis, the surface of the fruit is covered with brown spots, the pumpkins are deformed. After the sore dries, it deepens inside the fetus. The disease progresses with increased humidity and temperature changes. The disease is transmitted by insects, water and pieces of plant tissue. To prevent the development of bacteriosis, the seeds are treated before sowing in a 0.02% solution of zinc sulfate, after which they are well dried. If signs of the appearance of the disease were found on the cotyledons, they are treated with Bordeaux liquid.
Due to bacteriosis, the leaves of the pumpkin become covered with spots, which then dry out and fall out, forming holes
Another common disease is white rot. It is not difficult to identify it: a white bloom appears on the plants, which leads to softening and subsequent rotting. The disease spreads most rapidly when the humidity of the air and soil is high. The affected plant parts should be sprinkled with wood ash. To exclude the occurrence of such a disease, it is necessary to remove plant debris from the site. If white rot appears, you need to remove the leaves so that the wounds dry out in the sun. A 0.5% solution of copper sulfate is applied to the cut areas.
With white rot, the infected areas of the leaf soften and rot
Root rot - the disease leads to the appearance of constrictions. Shoots and leaves take on a yellow-brown hue and subsequently disintegrate. The most likely cause of the onset of the disease is watering with cold water or temperature changes. For prevention purposes, it is recommended to water the plants once every 2 weeks with Previkur according to the instructions. In addition, you need to monitor the cleanliness of the site, remove weeds and other plant residues. When a plant is infected, the stem is sprinkled with healthy soil to form new roots.
With root rot, the leaves acquire a yellow-brown hue and subsequently disintegrate
Powdery mildew is more pronounced on the leaves in the form of a white bloom. After being affected by the disease, the foliage turns yellow and dries up. From it, productivity decreases, the process of photosynthesis worsens. The disease progresses with insufficient watering and high humidity, as well as with a large amount of nitrogen when feeding. Powdery mildew spreads with gusts of wind. As with other ailments, preventive measures are to keep the site clean. In the event of the appearance of the first signs of the disease, the plants are treated with colloidal sulfur. The affected foliage is removed.
A clear sign of powdery mildew is a white coating on the leaves.
Pests also cause considerable harm to the pumpkin. The most common of these is the spider mite. It damages the underside of the leaves, after which it forms a thin web. First, the color of the leaf changes, then dries up. If you do not react in a timely manner, the plant dies. To combat the pest, plants are often sprayed with water, or better with an infusion of onion or garlic husks (200 g of husk per 10 liters of water).
Ticks entangle all parts of the plant with a thin cobweb
The melon aphid first spreads on the weeds, after which it moves to the pumpkin. The insect completely populates the entire plant. After the defeat, the leaves curl and fall off. If you do not take measures to combat the pest, pumpkin bushes will simply die. To get rid of aphids, spraying with a 10% solution of karbofos is carried out.
The melon aphid actively reproduces on the underside of the leaves, sucking the juices from the plant
Harvesting and storage
You can judge that the pumpkin is ripe and it's time to harvest it by the following signs:
- the stalk is dry, ripe, lignified;
- the leaves have dried up, faded;
- the rind is hard.
The pumpkin begins to be harvested after the stalk and leaves have dried.
During harvesting it is necessary to cut off the stalk, leaving 3-4 cm, while the peel should not be damaged. Thus, the fruits will be stored for a long time. It is important not only to harvest the crop in a timely and correct manner, but also to preserve it. So, after harvesting, the pumpkin can be eaten. However, this culture, as a rule, is not grown one bush at a time, which makes one think about storage. For these purposes, an underground floor, a pantry, a balcony, an attic, a barn are suitable. Regardless of the location chosen, it is important to comply with several conditions:
- humidity - 75–80%;
- temperature - + 3 ... + 15˚C;
If one of the conditions is not met, the keeping quality of the pumpkin will deteriorate. All fruits are sent for storage without damage. Those pumpkins that have scratches or dents on the skin are best eaten within a short time. Even if stored under the right conditions, they still won't last long. Damaged fruit can be peeled by removing the damaged portion, separating the seeds and placing the pulp in the freezer. When storing in a particular room, pumpkins should be placed on shelves, racks, but not on bare ground.
When storing pumpkin, you need to observe temperature and humidity.
If you follow the experience of some gardeners, then the fruits can be stored in boxes with straw.
Everyone can grow a pumpkin, even in the climatic conditions of the Urals. To do this, you need to choose a suitable early maturing variety, plant it correctly and provide proper care for the crop. To keep the fruits after harvesting as long as possible, you will need to create optimal storage conditions.
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Pumpkin - outdoor cultivation
Pumpkin - the largest vegetable grown in the garden. Pumpkin contains a large amount of nutrients and vitamins.
Pumpkin is widely used in cooking, for preparing various dishes and preparations for the winter.
Let's consider in more detail how to grow a pumpkin in the garden, sowing seeds, nursing during growth, harvesting and storing.
Growing pumpkin outdoors
Hello dear friends!
The topic of today's article is Growing pumpkin outdoors and caring for this wonderful plant.
Before sowing, the area intended for the pumpkin must be well fertilized. At least 2 buckets of humus, half a bucket of sawdust, 1 liter jar of wood ash and 1 glass of nitrophoska should be added per square meter of the garden bed. It is important to dig a bed for a pumpkin very deeply (up to 50 centimeters). The bed is usually made 70 centimeters wide and watered with hot water at a temperature of 80 degrees.
Seed preparation for planting:
In order to speed up the germination of seeds and to get friendly strong shoots, I dip the seeds for 1 day in a solution of liquid fertilizer "potassium humate" or "sodium humate", then cover them with a damp cloth for 1 - 2 days, while the fabric is regularly moistened water. At the same time, I choose a place in a room with an air temperature of 22 - 23 degrees.
The mistake of many gardeners is that they sometimes sow old seeds and do not get seedlings at the same time. To avoid this, you need to check the seeds for germination a month before planting. To do this, you need to take several seeds of all available varieties, soak them and leave them in a damp cloth until germination.
Planting dates and sowing technology:
In the regions of the Middle Volga region and similar zones, seeds can be sown from May 10 to May 15, and always under a film. The film is removed from June 10 to 16.
Sowing holes should be made along the bed, 6 - 7 centimeters deep and 90 centimeters apart. Seeds are sown germinated in warm, moist soil. Sow 2 seeds in each hole. When the plants sprout, one of them is removed.
Plant care when growing pumpkin in the open field is primarily in the correct formation of the plant. The main stem is usually pinched when it reaches a length of 1.3 - 1.5 meters and 2 lateral shoots are left, 60 - 70 centimeters long. On each shoot, you need to form 1 fruit. Thus, on one plant we will have three fruits, one on the main stem and one on the side ones. Excess shoots must be removed. To speed up the filling of fruits, the left shoots can be pressed to the ground with a small spear made of wood or wire to the ground and sprinkled with a layer of soil 6 - 7 centimeters so that our lashes take root. Under each fruit, I put a piece of plywood or better a piece of glass.
Pumpkin loves feeding very much. They need to be done at intervals of 15 days. To do this, use the following solution: in 10 liters of water, you need to dilute 1 liter of mullein and 2 tablespoons of nitrophoska. Solution consumption - 3 buckets for 2 plants.
During the period of pumpkin growth, it must be watered abundantly, once a week, at the rate of 20 - 30 liters of water per plant.
Ripe pumpkin fruits must be cut off along with the stalk, 5 - 6 centimeters long. With this, correct cutting of the fruit, the pumpkin is well and for a long time stored. You can store pumpkin indoors until spring, but the optimal storage temperature is 5 - 8 degrees.
Besides the method growing pumpkin in the open field I also practiced growing this plant in a cucumber greenhouse and got a good harvest. I will write about this in the following articles.
I wish you health and a great harvest! See you!
Review of the best varieties
Bush pumpkin fell in love with gardeners for its useful composition and excellent taste. Among the many species, some have received special recognition.
Fruits can be kept fresh for a long time
The variety was bred in Russia about 15 years ago. Perfectly adapted to difficult climatic conditions. It takes up to 3 months from mass germination to harvesting.
The plant is small. Forms 6 meter shoots. The leaves are large, green, patterned. The flowers are yellow or orange. They smell good.
The fruits are distinguished by the following qualities:
- spherical shape, slightly flattened
- weight - 1 kg
- orange peel, medium thick, firm, not segmented, striped
- orange pulp, firm, with a melon scent
- the taste is great.
There are up to 15 fruits on the bush. Female flowers form lateral lashes. The seed chamber is small. Seeds are oblong, white, smooth.
The Smile variety is valued for its transportability and frost resistance. It is grown in the Urals and Siberia. Productivity - 3 kg per 1 sq. m. Takes one of the leading places in dietary characteristics and vitamin content. Ripe pumpkin retains its presentation until the winter period.
The second name is Acorn. Recently withdrawn. One of the earliest types of bush pumpkins. Harvesting is possible 80 days after the mass germination. There are also climbing varieties of Acorna.
The fruits are distinguished by the following characteristics:
- acorn-shaped - hence the second name
- light weight - 600-700 g
- thick skin with grooves
- peel color from dark green to orange-spotted
- dense, orange-yellow pulp
- sweet taste.
Bush pumpkin of this variety is used for making desserts. Due to its special structure, it is easy to stuff it. Has good keeping quality. The peel does not need to be removed - it is edible. The seeds are delicious. Hard pumpkin species are often grown for them.
Obtained as a result of crossing Almond 35 and Nakhodka species. Belong to ultra-early ripening - the fruits ripen 90-100 days after germination. Yield indicators - 25-40 t / ha. Marketability - 93%.
Fruits of the variety, according to the description:
- the peel is mostly smooth, has ribs near the stalk
- unripe color is dark green, then turns yellow-orange
- average weight - 3.2 kg
- orange pulp, medium density, juicy
- tasting score - 4.2 points.
The Lel variety is immune to powdery mildew and anthracnose. Peronospora resistance is average. The application is mainly technical. Suitable for green conveyor. Pumpkin dishes are not cooked.
Lel variety is not suitable for human consumption
Creamy seeds. The output is 0.4-0.6 t / ha. They are used to obtain pumpkin seed oil, because the seeds contain up to 50% fat. Various medicines are made on its basis.
The bush is compact. Forms up to 3 ovaries. The length of the main whip is 1 m. The leaves are dark green, small. The variety is early ripening - the harvest is harvested 80-85 days after germination.
The fruits are distinguished by the following qualities:
- rounded-flattened in shape
- weigh on average 1 kg
- peel is dark orange, striped
- the pulp is orange, sweet, crunchy.
Seeds are small, white-gray, rough. Juices, desserts, mashed potatoes are prepared from the fruits. Pumpkin dishes are one of the components of children's and dietary nutrition. The seed chamber is large. There are a lot of seeds. The fruits retain their presentation for about 4 months. Productivity - 36-68 t / ha.
The variety was bred by Russian breeders. It is especially popular in Siberia and the Urals. Early ripening - about 86-98 days pass from germination to harvest. Gribovskaya bush is valued for its high yield of fruits - up to 39.8 t / ha. It is resistant to rot, weakly affected by powdery mildew and bacteriosis.
The plant is powerful.Each bush has two fruits, which are characterized by the following description:
- oblong shape, tapering towards the base
- weight - up to 5 kg
- smooth or slightly ribbed surface
- the peel is thin, firm, first dark green, then orange with green stripes
- the flesh is thick, firm, orange, sweet, pleasant to the taste.
The seed nest is large. The commercial qualities are high. Various dishes are prepared from Gribovskaya pumpkin, it is canned.
A variety of butternut squash. Imported from China. Early ripening - about 3 months. Productivity - up to 50 t / ha. Has a relative resistance to powdery mildew.
The distinctive characteristics of the fruit are as follows:
- spherical shape
- orange, often with green dots, with prominent ribs
- weight - 6 kg
- thin and strong rind
- orange, crispy, aromatic and tasty pulp.
Ripe pumpkin must be stored. Porridge, desserts, juices are made from it. Transfers the grade of transportation over long distances.
This pumpkin is the result of the work of Kuban scientists. The ripening period is early - up to 105 days. Productivity - 3.7-4.2 kg / m². Used for dining purposes.
Pumpkin is prized for its good taste
The growth vigor of the bush is average. The whips are short. Sheet plates are 5-sided, solid.
- divided into small segments
- weigh 3-5 kg
- thin skin
- with orange, medium thickness, crispy flesh
The seed chamber is medium. Seeds are oval, white, smooth. Weight of 100 pieces - 27 g.
The Healing variety is affected by powdery mildew, gray and white rot, anthracnose. Pumpkin tolerates cold well. Withstands transportation and can maintain marketable qualities for a long time.
The pumpkin was obtained as a result of the work of the Kuban breeders. It is characterized by an average ripening period of 100 days.
Orange bush pumpkin is characterized by the following fruits:
- slightly ribbed
- with orange and thin skin
- weighing up to 4.5 kg
- with orange, sugary, juicy, crispy and sweet flesh.
The application is universal. Pumpkin is suitable for salads, desserts, preservation, baking and winter storage.
Grown pumpkin in the open field in central Russia. The bush has 6 shoots. One ovary is formed on each. Ripening period is about 100 days. From 1 hectare, 50 tons of fruits are harvested, which differ in the following characteristics:
- cylindrical shape
- length up to 0.5 m
- weighing up to 7 kg
- orange peel with a bluish bloom
- dark orange, firm, crispy and juicy pulp
- sweet taste.
The seeds are small. The pumpkin can be stored for a long time, but due to its thin peel, damage may occur during transportation.
One hundred pound
Fruit weight can reach 20 kg
Medium late - ripening occurs 130 days after germination. Productivity - 6.3 kg / m². It has immunity to bacteriosis, powdery mildew, rot.
- weakly segmented
- large - weight 10 kg, sometimes 20 kg - subject to growing conditions
- with a thin, yellow-orange peel
- flesh with a loose structure, creamy yellow, not very sweet, slightly aromatic.
The species is characterized by a forage purpose. In demand in agriculture.
Pumpkin planting dates in the Urals
Pumpkin is a southern plant that is sensitive to cold weather.... Delicate young leaves are easily damaged by night frosts. Even a slight drop in temperature is detrimental to crops. The optimal time for sowing seeds for the Urals is no earlier than May 10 (with the seedling method of growing). Seeds are sown about three weeks before transplanting into open ground.
When choosing a date for sowing, experienced gardeners are guided by the lunar calendar... Seeds are planted in the ground on favorable days. It is good to sow a pumpkin in the days of the waxing moon. An unfavorable period is the new moon and the last phase of the waning moon. In 2019, May 7, 8, 9 and 10 are considered auspicious days for planting pumpkin seeds.
Direct and seedling method of growing
In the Urals, pumpkin seeds are planted directly into open ground or through seedlings. With the direct method of cultivation, crops are protected from cold weather with a covering material. The bed is kept under the film until the threat of night frost has passed.
Advice... Considering that there are frosts in the Urals in mid-June, it is preferable to grow pumpkin seedlings.
Growing seedlings begins with the preparation of seed... The seeds are first heated for several days in a warm place, and then germinated. For sowing, healthy, heavy, medium-sized seeds are selected.
The selected material is disinfected in a solution of potassium permanganate or in any other way. This will protect delicate sprouts from diseases and pests. After that, the seeds are placed in a damp cloth and kept until a sprout appears.
Sprouted seeds are planted in the ground (a mixture of peat, turf and humus in a ratio of 2: 2: 1). They are sown to a depth of 2-3 cm. Pumpkin seedlings are sensitive to picking, so it is preferable to immediately use separate cups or peat pots. The recommended volume of one container is 500 ml.
When the first shoots appear the seedlings are transferred to a cool place with a temperature of 15-18 ° C for about a week. So the sprouts will not stretch out and get stronger. After 6-7 days, the temperature is raised.
Seedling care consists in feeding and in timely watering. separated water at room temperature. Moisten the soil regularly, but in moderation. Drying out of the soil or waterlogging of the soil leads to the death of plants.
One week after germination carry out feeding with nitrofoskoy strictly in accordance with the instructions. Excess fertilization will lead to deformation of the seedlings and their too rapid growth.
Need to know... Healthy pumpkin seedlings are sturdy, short-stemmed plants with small internodes and dark green leaves.
With the setting of warm weather pumpkin bushes are periodically taken out into the air for hardening. Planting in open ground is carried out when the plants form 2-3 true leaves.
Tips and tricks from experienced gardeners
When cultivating pumpkin, the following recommendations from experienced farmers will help:
- when growing in areas with cool and short summers, use warm beds
- sprinkle the side shoots with soil to form additional roots
- follow the rules of crop rotation
- place the pumpkin in sunny, spacious areas
- do not let the fruit come into contact with the ground: this can cause damage. Place boards or other suitable material under the pumpkins.