What blackberries usually call a "berry" is not actually a berry. This type of fruit is called a composite drupe. The blackberry flower is multipestal, and a small juicy fruit with one seed inside is formed around each pistil. A lot of these fruits, collected together, are the very tasty and aromatic blackberries.
Prefabricated drupes are formed in many plants. Some of them are blue-black in color so similar to blackberries that they mislead the uninitiated. Plants with fruits that resemble blackberries are discussed in this review.
Black raspberry that looks like a blackberry
This plant is still exotic in Russian gardens. In appearance, it is indeed easy to confuse it with a blackberry: a shrub with thorny shoots and leaves typical of raspberries and blackberries. When ripe, the fruits of black raspberries change color from pink, through dark red, to black. And they taste a bit like blackberries.
And yet there is a difference: the drupes of black raspberries, when picked, are easily removed from the fetus - like a thimble from a finger. Regular red or yellow raspberries behave exactly the same way. In the case of blackberries, the harvest is harvested together with the fruit and the stalk, because its drupes grow tightly with their place.
The black-fruited cultivated raspberry originates from the American wild - the blackberry-like raspberry.
As early as the beginning of the 19th century, N. Lonagwart began to introduce this plant into the culture. In the United States, black raspberries quickly became popular. Through the efforts of breeders, its varieties Remontantnaya were bred from Ohio, Evans, Dundee, Bristol.
In Russia today two varieties of black chokeberry are cultivated: Cumberland and Ugolyok.
This is a very old American variety. It was received at the end of the 19th century by D. Miller, and quickly moved to Europe. Until recently, Cumberland was the only black-fruited variety known in Russia. In our gardens, it has taken root thanks to its undoubted advantage - high frost resistance (up to -30⁰С).
Cumberland forms a powerful shrub with shoots up to three meters long. Shoots with a large number of thorns, grow like a semi-creeping blackberry: initially erect, arched when growing back. At the same time, the tops, reaching the ground, are able to take root. Therefore, Cumberland, although it does not give root suckers, can "walk" on the site.
Cumberland raspberries are small and yield low yields. But the high density allows the crop to be stored for a long time and to tolerate transportation well.
Cumberland looks especially decorative in autumn. At this time, its shoots acquire an exotic gray-blue color. Thanks to such qualities, from Cumberland it is possible to form a hedge that will be tasty, beautiful and reliable at the same time.
The tradition of American breeders was taken up by Russian scientists from the Siberian Research Institute of Horticulture. The Ugolyok variety was introduced recently and is recommended for cultivation in the territory from the Urals to the Far East.
A raspberry bush called Ember is more compact than Cumberland. Shoots are not so strongly studded, on average 2.3 meters in length, semi-creeping. Annual lashes are green with a bluish bloom. Biennial - brownish-gray.
Raspberry fruits Ugolok medium-sized, 1.8-2 grams. In good conditions, the variety gives about 8 kg per bush. According to the ripening period, the Ember is considered medium early, the harvest gives more or less amicably - within two weeks.
Serious advantages of the variety are high winter hardiness and disease resistance.
A curious feature of black raspberries is unattractiveness for birds, which usually like to peck red and yellow-fruited varieties.
The juicy drupe of the mulberry is very similar in appearance to the fruit of the garden blackberry. The same slightly elongated shape, the same purple-black color. True, this plant is not only black-fruited, but also white. And yet, for consumption, it is the black mulberry (it is the mulberry) that is most often cultivated.
You can only confuse mulberries with blackberries by looking at the fruits. Her taste is completely different, unlike anything else, very sweet, with an unusual aroma and aftertaste. And the morphology of the plant is completely different. This is not a shrub, but a tall tree (up to 20 meters), sometimes growing in several trunks. For the convenience of cultivation, cultivated mulberries are formed with a stem of 1.5 meters - in this case, it does not grow above 4 meters.
Of the most popular mulberry trees, the interesting variety Shelley No. 150 can be noted. The name comes from the first syllable of the word "mulberry" and the initials of the creator of the variety, Leonid Ilyich Prokazin. The fruits of this plant are of excellent taste and reach a length of 5.5 cm. Shelley's leaf plate is gigantic, 0.5 in length.
The black mulberry tree is very thermophilic. In Russia, it is grown in the North Caucasus and in the Lower Volga region, where it is often found in the wild. Surprisingly, even in the middle lane, mulberries are sometimes cultivated very successfully.
For the climate of the central region, the Smuglyanka variety may be suitable. Very pleasant to the taste, slightly sour fruits of the Dark Brown are 3 cm long and ripen very early. Already in June, you can taste the first harvest. And the productivity of this plant pleases the heart of the gardener - 0.5 kg of mulberry trees are harvested from each meter of the fruitful branch.
An important advantage of the variety is a high degree of adaptation to cold weather and short summer. Blackberry Mulberry is quite easily restored when the shoots freeze. This is facilitated by an interesting feature of the plant - the tendency to escape. With an early cold snap, the matured part of the branch forms a cork separating layer, discarding the unripened part, like a lizard's tail.
However, too severe and prolonged frosts have a negative effect on yields. Therefore, it is still better to insure the Darkie with a shelter. To do this, it must be formed so that the crown height does not exceed two meters, and with the onset of cold weather, tie the plant with spunbond in several layers.
Mulberry fruits in Asia are used as a medicine for tonsillitis, stomatitis and cough. The leaf infusion helps to lower blood pressure.
Plant Berry Lakonos
An exceptionally rare plant in our latitudes, surprising with exotic fruits. Segmented juicy black fruits on long "cobs" look like blackberries.
It is a herbaceous plant of the Phytolaccaceae family native to North America. Perennial, annually producing several thick stems, up to 1.5 meters high. Long erect inflorescences of lakonos appear at the end of May and vaguely resemble hyacinth flowering. The many greenish-pink flowers give the plant a very decorative look.
The fruits of the berry lakonos ripen by the end of summer. By this time, it acquires a red color more fertile, and against its background black "blackberries" look amazingly impressive. The juice of this plant has a rich, dense scarlet color.
There is information that in the old days this juice was used to tint confectionery products, and in some wine-making regions of Europe it is still used to "tint" wines. In many countries, lakonos is considered a medicinal plant. Unfortunately, however, the seductive fruits of the lakonos are very tricky.
As Paracelsus said, "everything is poison, and everything is medicine." Lakonos is indeed recognized as a poisonous plant. Under no circumstances should children or pregnant women be allowed to feast on black berries. And adults need to treat them with great discretion. Many cases of severe cardiac arrhythmias associated with the use of the lakonos are described.
And yet you can try to find a practical application for this interesting plant. Traditional medicine knows a recipe from the roots of the lakonos that can relieve rheumatic pains.
- 0.5 cups lakonos roots;
- 1 glass of vegetable oil or kerosene.
Chop the roots, mix with the base and leave in a dark place for ten days. Rub the sore joints with the resulting product.
When harvesting the roots of the lakonos for medicinal purposes, you need to pay attention to the color of the fracture. Only white roots can be used. If they have a red color at the break, it is better to refrain from using them.
In the list of berries similar to blackberries, one could also note the jemalina. For example, the very popular varieties Loganberry, Tayberry or Michurinsky Progress. But ezhemalina is still almost a blackberry, a product of hybridization. Therefore, it deserves a completely separate discussion.
Description and cultivation of Gigant blackberries, care features
Judging by the few reviews of gardeners and advertising of Becker Bis LLC products posted on the official website, the Giant blackberry variety has a lot of advantages, the main one of which is abundant yield. It is alarming that the stated description and photograph of the berry bush correspond to the Black Bute variety.
The article was written based on information from the forums and from the supplier's company page.
What are the benefits of black berries?
Blackberries, black currants, blueberries, what useful properties do they have?
Today there are many black berries that are very useful for their medicinal properties.
I want to list my favorite black berries and their beneficial properties.
Black chokeberry, this tasty and healthy berry is also called black mountain ash.
Black mountain ash very well helps with diseases of the thyroid gland, also, mountain ash contains a lot of different vitamins, iodine, vitamin C, E, P, B.
Chokeberry is very useful for people who have problems with blood clotting, and chokeberry is also useful for obese people.
Cholesterol removes cholesterol from the body.
Also, I noticed that chokeberry is good for people, children who suffer from allergies, hypertension.
Since my baby has a strong allergy to food, I cook compote with chokeberry for the child, it helps well with various allergic rashes.
Chokeberry helps well with stomach cramps, it is very useful to use chokeberry berries if a person wants to lose weight.
But besides the benefits, chokeberry can not be used by people who have stomach ulcers, or high acidity.
From black chokeberry, I cook compote, make jam, preserves, pies.
Blueberries are a very good berry that is rich in various vitamins, namely vitamins of the group: A, C, B, P; also, blueberries contain potassium, phosphorus, iron, copper and many other useful substances.
Blueberries are good for people who have vascular diseases, and blueberries are also very good for the eyes. Of course, blueberries will not fully restore vision, but they will help improve the retina of the eye.
Not only blueberry berries have medicinal properties, but also the leaves, thanks to tea made from blueberry leaves, you can make tea that fights headaches well, as well as tea from blueberry leaves, as well as the berries themselves increase immunity and lower sugar levels in blood.
So blueberries are a very healthy berry.
Black currant is a very useful berry, because it contains a lot of different vitamins, and also, black currant contains a lot of iron, copper, zinc, vitamins of group B, C, P, and many other useful substances.
Black currant is very useful for the stomach, and black currant is also used for diseases associated with the kidneys, indigestion, anemia, hypertension, angina, black currant is useful for tuberculosis.
If the flu, I drink tea with black currant and raspberry, after a while the temperature drops, I feel much better.
From black currants I make jam, compotes, preserves.
So black currant is very useful for our body.
Blackberries can be confused with raspberries, this berry is very similar in shape, but there is a big difference in taste, aroma and, of course, color.
Blackberries have a lot more vitamins and useful properties than raspberries.
Blackberry in its composition contains vitamins such as: C, A, P, K, also, in the composition of blackberries there is magnesium, potassium, iodine, a lot of phosphorus, magnesium.
Blackberry, this is the very first berry, which is the best for all black berries, lowers the body temperature, also, blackberries are very good at fighting colds, improve memory, sleep, blackberries help well with nervous breakdowns.
Blackberry leaves can be consumed and brewed as tea, because the leaves of this interesting berry contain a lot of vitamins and nutrients that help with various diseases of the stomach, blackberry leaves are good at fighting stomach and intestinal ulcers.
Blackberries are a very healthy berry, but you can't eat a lot of them if a person has high acidity.
I add blackberries to compote, make jam, make filling for pies.
These are the benefits of black berries.
I wish you good luck and good, positive mood, success and all the best.
The most valuable black berry is blueberry.
The health benefits of blueberries are enormous.
Consuming blueberries can have beneficial effects on your health. It is known to help in the following:
• Maintaining heart health
Consuming blueberries can provide great benefits for the heart. According to one study in which participants consumed moderate amounts of blueberries for eight weeks, the researchers noted that the berries helped lower cholesterol levels and helped improve platelet function and blood pressure.
• Reducing the risk of cancer and DNA damage
The berry is rich in anthocyanins, which can help lower your risk of cancer and protect your DNA from damage. In a study, researchers found that consuming foods rich in anthocyanin could help suppress key regulators that can lead to cancer, as well as help reduce tumor growth.
Inflammation is the body's defense mechanism when it encounters disease and eliminates pathogens. However, when inflammation becomes chronic, it can affect your quality of life. Because of this, blueberry anthocyanins may help reduce the risk of unwanted inflammation.
In a study published in the Journal of Nutrition, researchers noted that participants who consumed anthocyanin-rich blueberry extracts helped inhibit factors that stimulate an inflammatory response in their bodies. They hypothesized that anthocyanin products may have a positive effect on the relief of chronic inflammatory diseases.
In Europe, blueberries are one of the most popular natural ways to help control diabetes and relieve symptoms.
Compounds in blueberries can help lower blood sugar levels by stimulating insulin secretion, according to results from animal studies. Different uses of blueberries
Historically, blueberries have been used for a variety of purposes. In medieval times, eating blueberries was believed to help treat diarrhea. In Scotland and Ireland, this superfood has been used to dye wool, linen and paper. Nowadays, blueberries are mainly added to various dishes. The most famous ways to eat include:
• Blueberries can just be eaten raw
• Blueberries can be used to make delicious tea. The particular benefit of making tea is that the ingredients are fresh, so you can be sure the tea is free of the preservatives and toxins commonly used by manufacturers.
• You can bake a delicious pie using blueberries as a filling.
• Juice: Berries can be made into juice that you can enjoy any time of the day.
• Jam: Simply boil the berries in water and add a natural sweetener to make delicious jams that you add to your favorite dishes.
However, blueberries sometimes have the risk of creating side effects that you need to be aware of.
If you are currently taking a blood clotting medication, blueberries may interfere with their function. It is believed that the antioxidants in blueberries can also thin the blood, which can make it difficult for blood to clot if, for example, surgery is needed.
In addition, blueberries can enhance the effects of diabetes treatments as they are able to lower blood sugar levels. When the two are combined, you can develop hypoglycemia, which is a condition characterized by blood sugar levels significantly lower than the normal, safe range. It is highly recommended that you do not consume significant amounts of blueberries if you are currently taking diabetes medications.
Harvesting of mulberry raw materials
The leaves of the plant can be harvested during the entire period of growth and development of the mulberry tree and dried in attics or under a canopy, the bark is harvested at the beginning of sap flow (early spring), roots - in late autumn. In late June and early August, you can harvest mulberry berries. After collecting them, they must be immediately sent for processing, since the yeast fungi on the surface of the fruits cause fermentation in a day. It is for this reason that it is very problematic to dry the berries, but if you still managed to do it, they must be stored in a tightly closed container, since they absorb water very quickly, which, in turn, leads to spoilage of raw materials.
Which berry is similar to raspberry?
The first thing that comes to mind and probably the only one. A berry that looks like a raspberry it. She's almost the same. Only black. And when it is not ripe, it can be easily confused from afar. Those unfamiliar with this berry will definitely confuse it. A black berry similar to a raspberry is called a blackberry.
The photo shows everything. If you are suddenly asked: what is the name of a berry that looks like a raspberry? Answer blackberry. Maybe there are other berries that look like raspberries.
Mulberry - very similar to raspberries and blackberries!
Our vast, diverse World is full of all sorts of surprises.
So with berries similar in shape, color and taste to raspberries, I would recommend trying - mulberry.
This amazingly tasting berry grows on a tree.
I tried yellow and black mulberry for the first time on the Black Sea coast quite recently.
By color, mulberries are: white, yellow and black (like blackberries).
You can find a lot of information on the Internet about the useful and medicinal properties of mulberries.
Mulberry - very similar to raspberries and blackberries!
Also, I almost forgot, when in my youth I lived on Sakhalin and collected cloudberry.
In those Soviet times, we were sent "volunteers" from enterprises to haymaking, to prepare hay for silage.
Mostly they were mowed with scythes along the edge of wetlands. and we very often came across whole thickets cloudberries... They threw down their braids and feasted on these natural gifts. Sometimes they took buckets with them and filled up to the top to treat family members and friends.
So, in conclusion, we draw conclusions.
They look like raspberries:
If a lot of blackberries
If there are a lot of blackberries, then you will have to get rid of it differently. The methods will have to be combined, and also use more garden tools. Under the words a lot, it means half of the garden, more. In this case, you will first have to work with an oblique and pruning shears. That is, cut everything off until the stem is 15 centimeters, and the overgrowth disappears. After that, treat with weed control agents. Then cover the leftovers with spunbond (what's left to stick out).
How to clear weeds from your garden
While the chemistry is in effect (this is about a month), the blackberries will creep out from under the fabric. This cannot be allowed, since there will be no result. A good solution would be to fence off the area to be treated (described above). If, for some reason, this cannot be done, then everything that creeps out is cut with a pruner, a shovel. Wait a month. If you follow the instructions, it should help. Otherwise, repeat the process, but do not use chemistry, spunbond, but immediately dig out the root.
Blackberry Giant - myth or reality
Blackberry variety Giant can be called a masterpiece of horticultural culture and berry selection - judge for yourself, both remontant, and thornless, and berries, the size of a palm, and yield - up to 35 kg per bush. Whether such a thing can actually exist is up to you to think and decide. Many reviews and descriptions of the Gigant remontant blackberry variety are choked with delight in describing the unique advantages of this berry. This article contains all the real facts related to the Gigant blackberry that we managed to get, and a comparative study of gardeners' reviews and the statements of managers of a trading company that sells seedlings of this variety in Russia.
Repaired blackberry varieties appeared relatively recently, at the turn of the 20th and 21st centuries. Basically, American scientists from the state of Arkansas were engaged in their selection, and they managed to get many interesting varieties that are capable of producing crops twice a year: on last year's branches and annual shoots.
The remontant blackberry varieties have many advantages - and one of the main ones is that absolutely all shoots can be cut out before winter. This makes it possible not to worry too much about the winter hardiness of the southern blackberry berry and to grow it even in regions with severe winters (at -40 ° C and below).
In addition, complete pruning of all shoots and later development and fruiting periods severely limit the possibilities of potential pests and pathogens of blackberries. Therefore, remontant blackberries, like raspberries, are practically not susceptible to any misfortunes and, accordingly, do not need processing, especially with chemicals, which allows you to get an absolutely healthy and harmless berry to humans.
Unfortunately, breeding has not yet reached such achievements. All of them are distinguished by thorny shoots, which, of course, makes it difficult to pick berries.
In Russia, you can find only one single seller, he is also a supplier of blackberry seedlings Gigant (LLC "Becker Bis"). It is on the website of this agricultural company in the catalog of plants that you can see the goods under the article 8018 Blackberry remontant Gigant. And right there, side by side in small letters in English is written Blackberry thornless Giant, which means blackberry thornless Giant.
Unfortunately, the supplier company does not indicate any data on the origin of this variety, but the direct question of the buyer in the reviews: whose selection of the Gigant blackberry variety is silent.
Of course, it is useless to look for this variety in the State Register of Russia, however, this is the fate of most modern blackberry varieties of foreign origin.
Description of berry culture
Blackberry Giant, as follows from the description of the culture presented on the website of the supplier of its seedlings, can grow in height from 1.5 to 2.5 meters. Shoots are flexible, so it can and should be grown on trellises, where it can also be used as decoration. Because, thanks to the repair, according to the manufacturer's assurances, the flowering period of the Gigant blackberry lasts from June to September.
It is worth noting here that in most regions of Russia there is no point in growing remontant blackberries, leaving shoots for the winter without pruning, since in this case it will have to be covered for the winter, and there will be more problems with pests and diseases. But in this case, flowering of annual shoots should begin no earlier than July-August.
And even in the southern regions, if you leave last year's shoots to winter to get the first early harvests, then the blackberry bushes are unlikely to bloom continuously from June to September. In remontant varieties, two pronounced waves of flowering and fruiting are usually observed, with a break between them.
According to the seller-manufacturer, the fruiting period of the remontant blackberry Gigant lasts from July to September.
The supplier does not indicate any data on the type of shoot growth (creeping or erect).
The berries of the Giant blackberry are truly unique. Their shape is at the same time elongated and slightly rounded, reminiscent of thumbs on a hand. Nutritional properties at the level of the most outstanding varieties, taste - sweet and sour, with the aroma inherent in blackberries. The color of ripe berries is deep black.
But the most important thing is, of course, the size of the berries. It is claimed that they reach a length of 6 cm, and one such berry can weigh up to 20-23 grams. This is really a giant!
The repairing blackberry variety Gigant is distinguished by the following characteristics.
According to the supplier of blackberry seedlings Gigant, the variety has many advantages.
- It is very winter-hardy - withstands up to -30 ° С
But the most impressive statement of the giant blackberry supplier is its yield. It is claimed that up to 35 kg of fruit can be obtained from one bush of this variety. No further details are given, but for comparison, some of the highest yielding blackberry varieties yield a maximum of about 15-20 kg of berries per bush.
Scope of berries
Berries of the Gigant variety can be used both fresh, to decorate festive dishes, and for a variety of homemade preparations.
Advantages and disadvantages
The merits of the Giant Blackberry have already been listed above. Among the shortcomings, it can only be noted that it is bad for the lack of moisture in the soil and for heavy, dense soils.
The supplier does not say anything in the description of the Giant blackberry variety about the root growth, so it is unclear whether this, the most affordable way of propagating the berry, can be used in this case.
In any case, new blackberry plants, as a rule, are obtained by cuttings or by rooting from the top.
In general, the planting of the Gigant blackberry variety does not differ dramatically from the planting of other varieties of this berry culture.
It is recommended to plant Gigant blackberry seedlings from March to November. In principle, if we are talking about seedlings with a closed root system, then these terms are fully justified. But in the southern regions, it is still advisable to time the planting of seedlings to the spring or autumn period, since the sun and high temperatures in summer can greatly worsen the survival rate of seedlings.
Choosing the right place
It is argued that Gigant blackberries are best planted in a sunny location. But again, in the southern regions, blackberries grown in the sun can get sunburn on both berries and leaves.
Blackberries of any variety prefer breathable, light soils with a neutral or slightly acidic reaction. Soils with a high content of limestone can be harmful to shrubs, as they can cause chlorosis on the leaves - yellowing.
Selection and preparation of seedlings
When choosing seedlings, it is necessary first of all to take into account the condition of the roots, the length of which should be at least 15 cm, and the root branches themselves should be about two to four. At the same time, the height of the above-ground part of the bushes should be at least 40 cm. Before planting, it is advisable to soak the seedlings of the Gigant variety for prophylaxis in a 0.6% solution of Aktara with the addition of tobacco dust.
Algorithm and scheme of landing
Blackberry seedlings Gigant are planted in pre-dug holes, to a depth of about 20-30 cm. The distance between seedlings when planting is recommended to be equal to 1-1.2 meters. Since this culture is curly, it is immediately necessary to provide for the organization of the trellis and tie the shoots to it.
Follow-up care of the culture
The Giant Blackberry is said to be easy to clean.
The most important thing in caring for a blackberry is regular and fairly abundant watering. However, it is also impossible to overdo it here - the berry cannot stand waterlogging.
Top dressing is carried out several times per season. In the spring, a complex fertilizer is applied, and in the summer, the feeding of blackberries is carried out mainly due to the introduction of phosphorus and potash fertilizers.
When pruning remontant varieties, the most important thing is to understand what you want from the bushes - either one, but abundant and reliable harvest in late summer, or several harvest waves, starting in June. As noted earlier, in the second case, you will have to additionally take care of sheltering the blackberry for the winter and protecting it from enemies, represented by parasites.
In the first case, all blackberry shoots are simply cut in late autumn at the level of winter. If you live in a region with severe winters, it is advisable to additionally cover the root zone with hay or sawdust.
In the second case, there is no need to do pruning for the winter, and only the shoots of the second year are cut, preferably in the summer, immediately after the end of fruiting.
Preparing for winter
In the second case, the remaining shoots must be removed from the trellises and bent to the ground, then overlaid with hay or sawdust and covered with non-woven material, such as lutrasil, on top.
Diseases and pests, methods of control and prevention
Chlorosis of leaves of non-infectious origin
Immediately after the snow melts, feed the bushes with a complex of fertilizers with a full set of trace elements
Aphids, mites, flower beetles and other pests
In autumn, shed soil under the bushes with Aktara solution, in early spring, spray twice with Fitoverm
When the kidneys open, treat the blackberries with a 3% solution of Bordeaux mixture
On the website of the company of the supplier of blackberry seedlings Giant, reviews about this variety are mostly enthusiastic. True, the overwhelming majority of gardeners only managed to get seedlings and plant them. The first harvest of blackberries after planting should be expected, according to the managers of the company themselves, in about 2-3 years. There are those who have not only tasted the berries, but also managed to make money on them (after all, the harvest reaches 35 kg per bush), but these are found in a single copy. On the other hand, some of the managers 'answers to gardeners' questions are contradictory. For example, just now (2017-11-02 in Veronica's answer) they wrote about the fact that there are no remontant and prickly varieties of blackberries at the same time, and already a few months later (2018-02-16 in Elena's answer) they answer about the aforementioned blackberry variety, that he is studless.
On other forums of gardeners, reviews about seedlings from this company, and, in particular, about the Giant blackberry are not at all encouraging. Semi-dried plants are sent to customers, they are changed, but they still do not take root. But even if they survive, they turn out to be completely different from what was written on the label.
Blackberry Giant, if it exists, of course, is a really fantastic variety in many of its characteristics: in terms of the size of berries, and in terms of yield, and in terms of winter hardiness, and in terms of ease of care. It seems that all the most attractive blackberry traits are collected in one variety. In nature, there is rarely such a clear imbalance, albeit positive properties. And the most suspicious moment is that with all the variety of modern choices, no one else offers this variety for sale. He also does not meet abroad. So the choice is yours - to buy or not to buy, to plant or not to plant.