A hospitable home, a rich feast - all this is in our old tradition. Therefore, the variety of large tasty tomatoes is named with the wonderful word Khlebosolny. About what he is and how to grow him, it is described further.
The Khlebosolny tomato was bred by the Novosibirsk entrepreneur Nikolai Dederko
The Khlebosolny tomato appeared in the difficult climate of Siberia. It was brought up by a Novosibirsk entrepreneur and breeder Nikolai Dederko. The variety was bred by the beginning of the new century and in 2004 was presented to the State Commission for Testing and Protection of Breeding Achievements for variety testing, which lasted two years. In 2006, Khlebosolny was introduced by the FGBU State Sort Commission into the State Register as a tomato suitable for growing in all climatic zones of the country. In November of the same year, the variety was patented. Patentee - Nikolay Vladimirovich Dederko.
Getting to know the Khlebosolny tomato variety
The Khlebosolny variety is beautiful outside and inside
Baked Salted - tomato for salad purposes, but the practices of its cultivation also let the fruits for processing into juices, pasta, sauces, ketchups.
Where the climate permits, the tomato can be grown outdoors. Tomatoes ripen in medium terms. Usually 110-120 days pass from mass shoots to the first ripe fruits..
Plants of this variety are determinant, in the greenhouse they stop growing shoots when the bush reaches a height of about 1 meter, on unprotected beds - 70-80 cm, but the bushes are quite spreading, they require a garter. Large fruits should be tied up additionally. Baked Salted grows well and bears fruit in unfavorable growing conditions.
The inflorescences of tomatoes of this variety are simple. The peduncles are not divided into segments.
The inflorescence of tomatoes Khlebozolny is simple, the stalk is not divided into segments
The fruits of this tomato are round, slightly flattened, with noticeable ribbing. Until they are ripe, their color is green, near the stalk it is darker. Ripe tomatoes are colored deep red. There are at least four seed chambers inside the fruit. During variety testing, the fruits of the Khlebosolnyi gained 116-200 g each, the originator indicated the maximum weight of 400 g, in practice, gardeners grow tomatoes of this variety weighing from 600 to 1000 g... Naturally, such large fruits must be additionally tied up so that they do not break the branches of the plant.
Sweet tomato flavor with a pleasant aroma was rated by the tasters as "good".
On open beds during variety testing from 1 m2 filmed from 3.8 to 8.3 kilograms of marketable tomatoes. Of these, 83% managed to ripen in the Novosibirsk region, and in total marketable fruits accounted for 98% of the crop.
According to the testimony of gardeners, bread-salted tomatoes successfully tolerate transportation, are kept fresh for a long time, and are resistant to the main diseases of tomatoes.
Hlebosolny tomatoes - video
Growing Salted Tomato
Tomato Bread Salted, like most varieties in our conditions, is grown in seedlings in a greenhouse or in the open field, depending on the climate
Growing large-fruited tomatoes should not scare even novice gardeners, because there are no fundamental differences in the cultivation of different varieties. You just need to familiarize yourself with the general scheme for growing tomatoes of a particular type and the specific features of the selected variety.
The Baked Salted tomato, like most varieties in our conditions, is grown in seedlings. In the middle lane, it is recommended to sow seeds for seedlings:
- for the greenhouse - at the beginning of March;
- for open soil - at the end of this month.
The seedling growing scheme is common for this vegetable.
It is advised to place this variety on a permanent place of growth after the threat of frost has passed. In the middle lane, this usually happens:
- to the greenhouse - at the end of May;
- to the garden - in early June.
Bread salted tomatoes are planted no more than 3-4 per square meter of cultivation area... It is easier to maintain soil moisture and looseness after irrigation or precipitation, as well as to fight weeds, if the soil under the bushes is mulched with organic matter - cut grass, straw, hay and similar materials.
To combat parasites, it is recommended to use spraying with infusion of weeds with soapy water or ground pepper, and use chemistry in urgent need according to the instructions for the drug, for example, when a spider mite attacks.
With the appearance of stepchildren on the plants, they begin to form tomato bushes. Bread-salted tomato is recommended to lead in one or two stalks.
Bakery tomatoes are formed into one or two stems
Patching is performed in the morning or in the evening, which makes it easier for the plant to heal wounds.
Grassing is best done in the morning or evening, which makes it easier for the plant to heal wounds.
Watering should be moderate after the soil dries out in the greenhouse. This usually happens once a week. When growing tomatoes in a garden, they also take into account the presence or absence of precipitation. Pour gently on the ground so that moisture does not splash on the leaves.
It is useful to huddle plants twice a season. This helps to strengthen the root system of tomatoes, therefore, improve their nutrition.
Separately, it should be said about the feeding of tomatoes of the Khlebosolny variety. The plant is productive and large-fruited, therefore, fertilization is combined with watering twice a month. Approximate scheme:
- before flowering, a quarter of a glass of wood ash is introduced under each plant, and the ground is watered with a light solution of potassium permanganate;
- during the period of ovary formation, 1 g of soda and boric acid are dissolved in a liter of water, this solution is enough for 8 plants.
During the season, growing tomatoes can be supported by foliar feeding:
- before flowering, the plants are sprayed with a solution of copper sulfate (2 g per 10 l of water);
- during flowering, 50 g of superphosphate or 25 g of double superphosphate is dissolved in 10 l of water.
From ripe tomatoes of the Khlebosolny variety, you can independently collect seeds for growing these tomatoes in the next season.
Collecting tomato seeds Bread Salted - video
Reviews about the variety of tomatoes Khlebosolny
Khlebosolny tomatoes get a lot of positive reviews
Unpretentious, fruitful, very tasty Hlebosolny tomato can be perfectly grown in any climate of our country, creating appropriate conditions for it.
Tomato Samara: characteristics and description of the variety, reviews, photos, advantages and disadvantages
Tomato Samara characteristics and description of the variety which is presented in this article, is popular among gardeners due to its early ripening period. Tomato variety Samara F1 can be attributed to the best greenhouse options. Tomatoes are not whimsical to care for, so you won't have to spend a lot of time on them, while you will get a decent harvest of delicious ripe tomatoes.
Then you will learn everything about tomato variety Samara F1, its advantages and disadvantages, and you can also read the reviews of Russian gardeners who already had experience in cultivating this variety on their site.
The Fatima variety belongs to the dwarf group, the maximum height is just over half a meter, the bushes do not grow higher. Development occurs through the growth of lateral shoots, few stepsons are formed.
If the summer is warm and there is no heat, then pinching should be carried out regularly. But in hot and especially dry weather, stepchildren are not removed. The foliage will protect the bush from hot rays. It is not necessary to pinch the top - the plant does not grow up above the norm. There are exceptions - the bush can, under favorable conditions, reach a meter height.
In the open field, the tomato ripens for about 90 days.... Indeed, it ripens quickly and manages to give several harvests. The fruits ripen until the second half of September.
Fruit characteristics and yield
During the flowering period, a single flower is tied at the top, it is quite large in size. This flower will give the best ovary and the largest fruit. All other inflorescences are collected in a brush. The first flower tassel can be found above 6 leaves.
Tomato fruits have a ribbed surface and are shaped like a heart. Sometimes you can find accreted tomatoes, the lower part is sharper, the upper is rounded, voluminous. The peduncle has the so-called shoulders - this is a dark green spot. The ripe fruit has a rich deep pink color or a pronounced color of ripe raspberries.
The pulp is juicy and has a sweetish taste. Many gardeners consider this variety a dessert.... The weight of a large fruit can exceed 0.5 kg. The average weight is about 250 g from one bush, you can collect more than 2 kg of delicious delicious tomatoes.
In the photo below you can see what this variety of tomatoes looks like:
Productivity and fruiting
Like most tomatoes, Bakery must be pinned in order to increase the amount of the crop. From 1 sq. m. you can collect from 4 to 8 kg of ripe tomato fruits in the open field. Even in the Northern regions, more than 83% of the crop ripens.
The fruiting period of the Khlebosolny tomato is 1.5-2 months from mid-July to mid-September.
Preparations for planting seeds begin after April 15th. The seed is disinfected in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, after which it is dried and soaked in a Zircon or Epin growth stimulator for 10-12 hours.
Garden beds are being prepared on the site:
- Dig up the ground, remove the weeds
Advice! Tomatoes are best planted after cucumbers, legumes, cabbage, onions and carrots.
- A mixture of humus and ash is introduced into the soil (1 bucket per 2 sq. M).
- They make beds 150 cm wide.
- Dig holes 12-15 cm deep 12 cm deep or make 2 furrows, adhering to the planting scheme 70 cm by 35 cm.
- The wells are watered with a solution of potassium permanganate and tamped.
- Cover the beds with foil and leave for 7 days.
When the threat of night frost has passed, the seeds are planted in prepared holes. Crops fall asleep, mulch with a mixture of sand and peat and cover with foil. There is no need to water the crops.
Seedlings will appear on the surface of the earth in 7 days. The shelter is removed when the air temperature does not drop below 20˚С. After the formation of 2–4 true leaves, the plants are thinned out.
Water the bushes after sunset every 7-10 days.
Nitrogen fertilizers are applied during the period of active growth of young plants so that a green mass (Nitroammofoska) is formed on them.
When forming the ovaries, phosphorus and potassium are added. They are necessary for the development of vegetables, stimulation of immunity to diseases and changes in weather conditions (Superphosphate).
The land around the bushes must be regularly loosened, removed weeds, mulched and hilled. You can grab and tie the plants at will, but these procedures are not necessary, since the plant is of the standard type.
For the prevention of diseases and pests, the bushes are sprayed with Acrobat solution, Bordeaux liquid or insecticides, for example Aktara, Inta-vir, Confidor.
Details on growing tomatoes are described in the article: Tomato growing technology. Planting and grooming secrets
Reviews about the tomato Grandee
In the Noble, the fruits are crimson, in Budennovka - who gives red, who is crimson. But, in any case, both tomatoes are worthy to grow in their own area. I do so, although I do not see the difference between them."Quail"
The nobleman is not an early variety, the height of the bush is up to 150 cm. The diseases are moderately affected. But the palatability of the fruit is high. I liked the taste. The first fruits are large, pink up to 300-400 grams.Charlie 83
The grandee is not bad. Yielding, large, uniform in size, not cracked. But the taste also falls short of similar "heart-shaped" ones - Bull's Heart, Mazarin, Fatima ...Vika
A wonderful variety, very large fruits and tasty.Vera Malysheva
The grandee is an excellent salad tomato variety for cold climates. Its fruits are not suitable for whole-fruit canning, since they simply do not fit in a standard jar. But for fresh consumption or making various sauces, this is a very good option. With some gardening experience, growing these tomatoes is not difficult at all.