Mammillaria backebergiana f. albiflora

Mammillaria backebergiana f. albiflora

Scientific Name

Mammillaria backebergiana f. albiflora

Scientific Classification

Family: Cactaceae
Subfamily: Cactoideae
Tribe: Cacteae
Subtribe: Cactinae
Genus: Mammillaria

Description

Mammillaria backebergiana f. albiflora is an attractive, slender, columnar cactus with yellowy or brownish-yellow spines and great purplish-red flowers circling near the top of the plant during growing season. The stem is globose, becoming cylindrical, clear green, waxy, up to 12 inches (30 cm) tall and up to 2.4 inches (6 cm) in diameter. The flowers are white, up to 0.8 inch (2 cm) long and up to 0.5 inch (1.3 cm) in diameter.

Hardiness

USDA hardiness zone 9b to 11b: from 25 °F (−3.9 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).

How to Grow and Care

To encourage better flowering, allow the plants to enjoy a cooling period in the winter and suspend watering. Unlike many other cacti, which use their ribs as storage devices, the Mammillaria feature raised tubercles, from which spines emerge. When you water, the tubercles will expand to allow for increased water storage. The flowers emerge from the axils of these tubercles on the previous year's growth, which accounts for their interesting halo effect. It's imperative that the cactus is not exposed to prolonged dampness and sitting water. Never let your cactus sit in a dish of water. Lastly, make sure to fertilizer during the growing season for the best results.

Repot as needed, preferably during the warm season. To repot a cacti, make sure the soil is dry before repotting, then gently remove the pot. Knock away the old soil from the roots, making sure to remove any rotted or dead roots in the process… – See more at: How to Grow and Care for Mammillaria

Origin

Native to Mexico.

Links

  • Back to genus Mammillaria
  • Succulentopedia: Browse succulents by Scientific Name, Common Name, Genus, Family, USDA Hardiness Zone, Origin, or cacti by Genus

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Mammillaria backebergiana f. albiflora - garden

Origin and Habitat: Distribution: Guerrero, Michoacan, and Mexico, Mexico.
Altitude: Around 1400-1900 metres above sea level.
Habitat and Ecology: The species grows hanging on cliffs together with Agave brevifolia and Selaginella lepidophylla. Very little is know about this species.

Description: Mammillaria backebergiana is an attractive slender columnar cactus with yellowy or brownish-yellow spines and great purplish red flowers circling near the top of the plant during growing season. Two subspecies are recognized, the nominate and subsp. ernestii (Fittkau) Glass & R.A.Foster.
Similar species: Mammillaria backebergiana is related and similar to Mammillaria spinosissima and its allies, but its stems are more slender.
Habit: Plants usually solitary occasionally clumping.
Stem: Globose becoming cylindrical, to 30 cm high, 5-6 cm in diameter, clear green, waxy.
Tubercles: Short pyramidal, not angled, with latex, axils naked or with a few bristles.
Central spines: 1-3, straight, needle-like, yellowish brown to brown, 7-8 mm long.
Radial spines: (8-)10-12, yellowish white with brown tips, becoming darker with age, 8-10 mm long.
Flowers: Freely produced in several rings in the crown. Purplish red, 18-20 mm long, 10-13 mm in diameter. Stigmas green.
Fruits: Dull green above, whitish below, tinting purplish red in maturity.
Seeds: Brown.

Subspecies, varieties, forms and cultivars of plants belonging to the Mammillaria backebergiana group

  • Mammillaria backebergiana" href='/Encyclopedia/CACTI/Family/Cactaceae/9157/Mammillaria_backebergiana'> Mammillaria backebergiana Buchenau : is the most widespread and has a mid green body with only 1 to 3 central spines. Distribution: Guerrero, Michoacan, and Mexico, Mexico.
  • Mammillaria backebergiana subs. ernestii (Fittkau) D.R.Hunt : has darker green body, a single central spine, and generally darker spines. Distribution: Tonatico, Mexico.

Bibliography: Major references and further lectures.
1) Robert T. Craig “The Mammillaria handbook: with descriptions, illustrations, and key to the species of the genus Mammillaria of the Cactaceae” E P Publishing, 1945
2) John Pilbeam “Mammillaria The Cactus File Handbook” Cirio Pub. Services, 01/Dec/1999
3) Edward Anderson “The Cactus family” Timber Press, Incorporated, 2001
4) James Cullen, Sabina G. Knees, H. Suzanne Cubey "The European Garden Flora Flowering Plants: A Manual for the Identification of Plants Cultivated in Europe, Both Out-of-Doors and Under Glass" Cambridge University Press, 11/Aug/2011
5) David R Hunt Nigel P Taylor Graham Charles International Cactaceae Systematics Group. "The New Cactus Lexicon" dh books, 2006
6) Terrazas, T., Arias, S. & Arreola, H. 2013. Mammillaria backebergiana. In: IUCN 2013. "IUCN Red List of Threatened Species." Version 2013.2. . Downloaded on 07 March 2014.
7) H. W. Fittkau, “Mammillaria ernestii H.W. Fittkau, spec. nov.”, in: Cactaceas Suculentas Mexicanas. N°16, 1971, p.36.
8) Ulises Guzmán, Salvador Arias, Patricia Dávila, “Catálogo de cactáceas mexicanas” Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico 2003, p.114.
9) Urs Eggli, Leonard E. Newton: "Etymological Dictionary of Succulent Plant Names" Birkhäuser 2004
10) FG Buchenau: “Mammillaria backebergiana spec. nov.” In: The National Cactus and Succulent Journal . 21: 47 1966


Mammillaria backebergiana Photo by: Prof. Ilham Alakbarov
Mammillaria backebergiana Photo by: Diego Armentano

Cultivation and Propagation: Mammillaria backegeriana is easily grown into clumps, but it does often have an irregular pattern of offsetting. Probably the greatest problem with growing this species is that it will become a tall column with age, and tend to lean or tip over its pot.
Growing rate: It is a relatively rapid growing and easily flowering species, it doesn't present any special challenges. Most plants will offset readily, and clumps can be produced in a few years.
Watering: Water regularly in summer, but do not overwater (Rot prone), keep dry in winter
Soil: Use pot with good drainage and a very porous potting media.
Fertilization: Feed with a high potassium fertilizer in summer.
Hardiness:* It is quite frost resistant if kept dry, hardy as low as -5° C.
Exposure: Outside full sun or afternoon shade, inside needs bright light, and some direct sun.
Propagation: Division, direct sow after last frost.


Mammillaria

Family: Cactaceae (kak-TAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Mammillaria (mam-mil-AR-ee-uh) (Info)
Species: backebergiana subsp. ernestii
Synonym:Mammillaria ernestii
Synonym:Mammillaria backebergiana var. ernestii
Synonym:Mammillaria isotensis

Category:

Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant suitable for xeriscaping

Average Water Needs Water regularly do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Foliage:

Foliage Color:

Height:

Spacing:

Hardiness:

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 °C (30 °F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 °C (35 °F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 °C (40 °F)

Where to Grow:

Can be grown as an annual

Danger:

Plant has spines or sharp edges use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:

Bloom Characteristics:

Bloom Size:

Bloom Time:

Other details:

Soil pH requirements:

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:

From seed direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

Allow unblemished fruit to ripen clean and dry seeds

Unblemished fruit must be significantly overripe before harvesting seed clean and dry seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

Gardeners' Notes:

On Feb 7, 2005, Xenomorf from Phoenix, AZ (Zone 9b) wrote:

The subspecies 'ernestii' has a darker green epidermis, only 1 central spine and overall on the average darker spines than the subspecies 'backebergiana'.
The subspecies 'backebergiana' can have from 1-3 central spines.


Mammillaria Species

Family: Cactaceae (kak-TAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Mammillaria (mam-mil-AR-ee-uh) (Info)
Species: backebergiana
Synonym:Mammillaria backebergiana subsp. backebergiana
Synonym:Mammillaria fertilis

Category:

Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant suitable for xeriscaping

Sun Exposure:

Foliage:

Foliage Color:

Height:

Spacing:

Hardiness:

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 °C (25 °F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 °C (30 °F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 °C (35 °F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 °C (40 °F)

Where to Grow:

Danger:

Plant has spines or sharp edges use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:

Bloom Characteristics:

Bloom Size:

Bloom Time:

Other details:

Soil pH requirements:

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:

From seed direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

Allow unblemished fruit to ripen clean and dry seeds

Unblemished fruit must be significantly overripe before harvesting seed clean and dry seeds

Regional

This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Gardeners' Notes:

On Feb 7, 2005, Xenomorf from Phoenix, AZ (Zone 9b) wrote:

The subspecies 'ernestii' has a darker green epidermis, only 1 central spine and overall on the average darker spines than the subspecies 'backebergiana'.
The subspecies 'backebergiana' can have from 1-3 central spines.

On Feb 27, 2004, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

Attractive columnar clumping cactus with sometimes yellowy spines (not always) and great hot pink to orange-red flowers circling near the top of the plant during growing season (can be in winter or summer).


Watch the video: Mammillaria elongata cactus propagation